- COP27, from 6-18 November in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, takes place amidst multiple global challenges: wars, rising food and energy prices, increasing debt levels, and worsening climate disasters, to name just a few.
- In this context, momentum on climate action this year has stalled, and we are not on track to meeting the Paris Agreement goals. Governments at COP27 will need to agree on how they can step up action and fulfil the commitments they made at the COP26 Glasgow Summit last year.
- The UN negotiations are also an opportunity to show that countries are prioritising cooperation on climate change, seeking new ways to collaborate to reduce emissions, address climate impacts, and unlock finance for climate action.
The key issues
Making balanced progress on all negotiating issues is likely only going to be possible if a group of developed and developing countries can unite to steer the talks towards high ambition, splitting the blockers. It’s been the path to success at many previous COPs.
- Addressing climate impacts. A deal on loss and damage finance is the top political fight. All eyes will be on Germany’s Jennifer Morgan and Chile’s Maisa Rojas as the pair of ministers appointed by the Egyptian Presidency to shepherd these negotiations. Climate vulnerable countries want a dedicated finance facility to address loss and damage, though actors like the US and EU remain hesitant. Developing countries will also be looking for more certainty from developed countries about how their pledge to double adaptation finance by 2025 will be fulfilled.
- Scaling up finance. The $100bn climate finance promise remains unmet, but far greater scales of finance are needed to properly resource climate action and development. Barbados PM Mia Mottley is expected to challenge leaders to engage on her Bridgetown Initiative for innovating and reforming the global financial system. Developed countries will be under pressure to show the money now, including through the Just Energy Transition Partnerships (JETPs), and to demonstrate the willingness for the bigger reforms needed outside the UNFCCC to make the global financial architecture fit for the challenges of today.
- Avoiding backsliding. There’s a real risk that some leaders use the COP stage to set out misguided visions of a fossil fuel pathway out of the energy crisis, instead of doubling down on climate action as the path to security and prosperity. Political signals from interventions by leaders, ministers and the ultimate COP outcomes will be critical in holding the line on agreements made at COP26, and reassuring the world that energy transitions away from fossil fuels are the direction of travel.
What to watch during COP27
7-8 Nov: World Leaders Summit – over 100 leaders are expected. Speeches are a chance to seize climate cooperation as a route to addressing pressing crises, and to inject political momentum into the talks. A win for Lula in Brazil’s election the week before could spur on ambition.
8 Nov: US Midterms – Biden’s Inflation Reduction Act has lessened the blow for climate action if Democrats lose Congress; but a higher likelihood of a Republican White House after the 2024 election could raise major questions about the USA’s longer-term commitment to the Paris Agreement.
15-16 Nov: G20 Leaders’ Summit – September’s G20 climate ministerial failed to agree on a joint communique amid heated disputes over language to limit global warming to 1.5°C, and upholding commitments at COP26 to phase down coal. A signal from Leaders that undermines Glasgow commitments and welcomes fossil fuel responses to the energy crisis could easily bleed into the COP negotiations and water down the ambition of the outcome.
Available for comment
Alex Scott, Programme Lead, Climate Diplomacy & Geopolitics, EN
email@example.com | +44 (0)7482 750 760
Tom Evans, Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy & Geopolitics, EN
COP27, Global Stocktake, mitigation ambition and implementation
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Alden Meyer, Senior Associate, Climate Diplomacy & Geopolitics, EN
UNFCCC negotiations, mitigation ambition, climate finance and climate diplomacy
Alden.email@example.com | +1 202 378 8619
Ines Benomar, Researcher, Climate Diplomacy and Risk & Resilience, EN, FR, IT
Loss and Damage and Adaptation Finance, Vulnerable Countries’ diplomacy
Ines.firstname.lastname@example.org | +32 490 11 33 19
Carolina Cecilio, Policy Advisor, Risk & Resilience, EN FR PT
Loss and Damage, adaptation, and risk and resilience
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Kate Levick, Associate Director, Sustainable Finance, EN
International and UK sustainable finance, public and private sector finance, financial initiatives and UK Transition Plan Taskforce
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Sonia Dunlop, Programme Lead, Public Banks, EN
Public banks, MDBs, international finance flows
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Claire McConnell, Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy and Geopolitics, EN
Land use, agriculture, financing adaptation in the Global South
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Juan Pablo Osornio, Programme Lead, Climate Diplomacy & Geopolitics, EN DE SP FR
International rules, standards and regulations for global decarbonisation
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Taylor Dimsdale, Programme Director, Risk & Resilience, EN
Loss and damage, adaptation, and risk and resilience
Taylor.firstname.lastname@example.org | +1 (0) 240-381-4594
Camilla Fenning, Programme Lead, Fossil Fuel Transition, EN
Coal phase-out, energy transition, Southeast Asia and India
Camilla.email@example.com | +44 (0) 7961 047835
Annisa Sekaringtias, Senior Researcher, Clean Economy, EN ID
Clean Energy Finance Diplomacy, energy access
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Franklin Steves, Senior Policy Advisor, Sustainable Finance, EN, RU, SP, FR, IT
Bridgetown Initiative, CAF reform
firstname.lastname@example.org | +44 7484 815434
Byford Tsang, Senior Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy, EN MAN
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Belinda Schaepe, Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy, EN DE
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Brick Medak, Head of Berlin Office, Political Economy and Governance, EN DE
German energy transition, German climate and energy policy
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Claire Healy, Director Washington DC Office, Geopolitics, Diplomacy and Security, EN
International cooperation, US energy transition and financial diplomacy
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Leo Roberts, Research Manager, Fossil Fuel Transition, EN
JETPs, coal phase-out, power sector transitions (particularly global south)
Leo.email@example.com | +44 (0) 7908 664 334
Lisa Fischer, Programme Lead, Clean Economy, EN DE
EU and UK gas and energy diplomacy
firstname.lastname@example.org | +44 7710 167754
Larissa Gross, Research Director, Clean Economy, EN
Sustainable cooling, clean heat, agricultural adaptation financing in Africa
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Maria Pastukhova, Senior Policy Advisor, Clean Economy, EN DE JA RU
International energy diplomacy, geopolitics of the energy transition, methane
firstname.lastname@example.org | +49 (0) 160 901 67735
Ed Matthew, Campaigns Director, Clean Economy, EN
UK politics and policy
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Heather McKay, Senior Policy Advisor, Sustainable Finance, EN
UK sustainable finance, the UK Net Zero Strategy
firstname.lastname@example.org | +44 79555 97676
Nick Mabey, co-CEO and co-founder, EN
Climate diplomacy, foreign policy, macroeconomics, COP
Nick.email@example.com | +44 (0)7949 768 771
Jule Könneke, Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy, EN DE
German climate diplomacy & geopolitical context for climate action
jule.könneke@e3g.org | +49 (0) 1716810153
Manon Dufour, Head of E3G Brussels Office, EN FR
European climate policy and politics
firstname.lastname@example.org | +32 (0) 2 5800 737
Léa Pilsner, Policy Advisor, Clean Economy, EN FR DE
European Green Deal diplomacy
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Notes to Editors
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