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What to expect from COP27 and the G20 Summit

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Delegates sit in seats assigned to countries including Costa Rica, Cook Islands and Finland, at the COP closing plenary, COP25, 2019. Photo via UN Climate Change on Flickr.
Closing COP plenary, 2019. Photo via UN Climate Change on Flickr.
  • COP27, from 6-18 November in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, takes place amidst multiple global challenges: wars, rising food and energy prices, increasing debt levels, and worsening climate disasters, to name just a few.
  • In this context, momentum on climate action this year has stalled, and we are not on track to meeting the Paris Agreement goals. Governments at COP27 will need to agree on how they can step up action and fulfil the commitments they made at the COP26 Glasgow Summit last year.
  • The UN negotiations are also an opportunity to show that countries are prioritising cooperation on climate change, seeking new ways to collaborate to reduce emissions, address climate impacts, and unlock finance for climate action.

The key issues

Making balanced progress on all negotiating issues is likely only going to be possible if a group of developed and developing countries can unite to steer the talks towards high ambition, splitting the blockers. It’s been the path to success at many previous COPs.

  1. Addressing climate impacts. A deal on loss and damage finance is the top political fight. All eyes will be on Germany’s Jennifer Morgan and Chile’s Maisa Rojas as the pair of ministers appointed by the Egyptian Presidency to shepherd these negotiations. Climate vulnerable countries want a dedicated finance facility to address loss and damage, though actors like the US and EU remain hesitant. Developing countries will also be looking for more certainty from developed countries about how their pledge to double adaptation finance by 2025 will be fulfilled.
  2. Scaling up finance. The $100bn climate finance promise remains unmet, but far greater scales of finance are needed to properly resource climate action and development. Barbados PM Mia Mottley is expected to challenge leaders to engage on her Bridgetown Initiative for innovating and reforming the global financial system. Developed countries will be under pressure to show the money now, including through the Just Energy Transition Partnerships (JETPs), and to demonstrate the willingness for the bigger reforms needed outside the UNFCCC to make the global financial architecture fit for the challenges of today.
  3. Avoiding backsliding. There’s a real risk that some leaders use the COP stage to set out misguided visions of a fossil fuel pathway out of the energy crisis, instead of doubling down on climate action as the path to security and prosperity. Political signals from interventions by leaders, ministers and the ultimate COP outcomes will be critical in holding the line on agreements made at COP26, and reassuring the world that energy transitions away from fossil fuels are the direction of travel.

What to watch during COP27

7-8 Nov: World Leaders Summit – over 100 leaders are expected. Speeches are a chance to seize climate cooperation as a route to addressing pressing crises, and to inject political momentum into the talks. A win for Lula in Brazil’s election the week before could spur on ambition.

8 Nov: US Midterms – Biden’s Inflation Reduction Act has lessened the blow for climate action if Democrats lose Congress; but a higher likelihood of a Republican White House after the 2024 election could raise major questions about the USA’s longer-term commitment to the Paris Agreement.

15-16 Nov: G20 Leaders’ Summit – September’s G20 climate ministerial failed to agree on a joint communique amid heated disputes over language to limit global warming to 1.5°C, and upholding commitments at COP26 to phase down coal. A signal from Leaders that undermines Glasgow commitments and welcomes fossil fuel responses to the energy crisis could easily bleed into the COP negotiations and water down the ambition of the outcome.

Available for comment

E3G experts at COP27 for in-person background, quotes and analysis

Both Weeks 

Alex Scott, Programme Lead, Climate Diplomacy & Geopolitics, EN 
Climate diplomacy 
alex.scott@e3g.org | +44 (0)7482 750 760 

Tom Evans, Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy & Geopolitics, EN 
COP27, Global Stocktake, mitigation ambition and implementation 
Tom.evans@e3g.org | +44 (0) 7931 317 327

Alden Meyer, Senior Associate, Climate Diplomacy & Geopolitics, EN 
UNFCCC negotiations, mitigation ambition, climate finance and climate diplomacy 
Alden.meyer@e3g.org | +1 202 378 8619

Ines Benomar, Researcher, Climate Diplomacy and Risk & Resilience, EN, FR, IT 
Loss and Damage and Adaptation Finance, Vulnerable Countries’ diplomacy 
Ines.benomar@e3g.org | +32 490 11 33 19

Week 1 

Carolina Cecilio, Policy Advisor, Risk & Resilience, EN FR PT 
Loss and Damage, adaptation, and risk and resilience
Carolina.cecilio@e3g.org | + 32 497 49 69 68 

Kate Levick, Associate Director, Sustainable Finance, EN 
International and UK sustainable finance, public and private sector finance, financial initiatives and UK Transition Plan Taskforce 
Kate.levick@e3g.org | +44 (0) 7860 861225 

Sonia Dunlop, Programme Lead, Public Banks, EN
Public banks, MDBs, international finance flows 
sonia.dunlop@e3g.org | +44 7970 795 278

Claire McConnell, Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy and Geopolitics, EN
Land use, agriculture, financing adaptation in the Global South 
claire.mcconnell@e3g.org | +49 160 944 358 41 

Week 2 

Juan Pablo Osornio, Programme Lead, Climate Diplomacy & Geopolitics, EN DE SP FR
International rules, standards and regulations for global decarbonisation  
juanpablo.osornio@e3g.org | +49 (0) 151 1676-2877 

Taylor Dimsdale, Programme Director, Risk & Resilience, EN 
Loss and damage, adaptation, and risk and resilience 
Taylor.dimsdale@e3g.org | +1 (0) 240-381-4594 

Camilla Fenning, Programme Lead, Fossil Fuel Transition, EN 
Coal phase-out, energy transition, Southeast Asia and India 
Camilla.fenning@e3g.org | +44 (0) 7961 047835 

Annisa Sekaringtias, Senior Researcher, Clean Economy, EN ID 
Clean Energy Finance Diplomacy, energy access  
Annisa.Sekaringtias@e3g.org | +447782476130 

E3G experts closely following the proceedings from our offices, also available for background, quotes and analysis

Franklin Steves, Senior Policy Advisor, Sustainable Finance, EN, RU, SP, FR, IT
Bridgetown Initiative, CAF reform
franklin.steves@e3g.org | +44 7484 815434

Byford Tsang, Senior Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy, EN MAN 
China 
byford.tsang@e3g.org | +44 7931 317 327 

Belinda Schaepe, Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy, EN DE 
China 
belinda.schaepe@e3g.org | +44 7864 802176 

Brick Medak, Head of Berlin Office, Political Economy and Governance, EN DE 
German energy transition, German climate and energy policy
brick.medak@e3g.org | +49 (0)151 22 88 9448 

Claire Healy, Director Washington DC Office, Geopolitics, Diplomacy and Security, EN 
International cooperation, US energy transition and financial diplomacy 
claire.healy@e3g.org | + 1 202 420 0628 

Leo Roberts, Research Manager, Fossil Fuel Transition, EN 
JETPs, coal phase-out, power sector transitions (particularly global south) 
Leo.roberts@e3g.org | +44 (0) 7908 664 334 

Lisa Fischer, Programme Lead, Clean Economy, EN DE 
EU and UK gas and energy diplomacy  
lisa.fischer@e3g.org | +44 7710 167754 

Larissa Gross, Research Director, Clean Economy, EN  
Sustainable cooling, clean heat, agricultural adaptation financing in Africa 
larissa.gross@e3g.org | +44 (0) 7712 537874

Maria Pastukhova, Senior Policy Advisor, Clean Economy, EN DE JA RU 
International energy diplomacy, geopolitics of the energy transition, methane
maria.pastukhova@e3g.org | +49 (0) 160 901 67735 

Ed Matthew, Campaigns Director, Clean Economy, EN 
UK politics and policy 
ed.matthew@e3g.org | +44 (0) 7827 157906 

Heather McKay, Senior Policy Advisor, Sustainable Finance, EN 
UK sustainable finance, the UK Net Zero Strategy 
heather.mckay@e3g.org | +44 79555 97676 

Nick Mabey, co-CEO and co-founder, EN 
Climate diplomacy, foreign policy, macroeconomics, COP 
Nick.mabey@e3g.org | +44 (0)7949 768 771 

Jule Könneke, Policy Advisor, Climate Diplomacy, EN DE
German climate diplomacy & geopolitical context for climate action
jule.könneke@e3g.org | +49 (0) 1716810153

Manon Dufour, Head of E3G Brussels Office, EN FR 
European climate policy and politics
manon.dufour@e3g.org | +32 (0) 2 5800 737

Léa Pilsner, Policy Advisor, Clean Economy, EN FR DE
European Green Deal diplomacy
lea.pilsner@e3g.org | +32 (0) 2 5800 737

                                            

Notes to Editors 

  1. E3G is an independent climate change think tank with a global outlook. We work on the frontier of the climate landscape, tackling the barriers and advancing the solutions to a safe climate. Our goal is to translate climate politics, economics and policies into action. About – E3G 
  2. To receive updates and analysis from COP27 via E3G’s daily media WhatsApp broadcast, register here
  3. E3G experts in geopolitics, finance and energy held a high-level press briefing on why the Sharm El Sheikh summit matters and its position within the wider setting of geopolitical fragmentation, energy security, and worsening climate impacts. Watch the recording here
  4. For further enquiries please contact our media team at press@e3g.org or +44 (0) 7783 787 863.

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