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UN ‘Global Stocktake’ report sets task for COP28

Deliver rapid response to meet Paris Agreement goals 

COP28 will take place from 30 November to 12 December 2023 at Expo City, Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates. Photo by Saj Shafique on Unsplash.  
  • UN Global Stocktake synthesis report is due out on 8 September. 
  • Report expected to show major gaps to meeting Paris Agreement goals and identify key areas of action to strengthen global climate action. 
  • At COP28 governments will have to agree a response to the Global Stocktake with new measures to put international climate action on the right track. 


The UNFCCC are due to publish the Global Stocktake (GST) Technical Synthesis Report on Friday 8 September. 

The GST is a two-year long exercise to assess progress towards meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement. Experts, governments, and NGOs have spent hundreds of hours at UN climate meetings contributing to this assessment, informed by hundreds of thousands of pages in written submissions. The result is one of the most comprehensive assessments of global climate action to date.

The Synthesis Report is the summary of this assessment. The report is expected to identify major gaps in meeting the Paris Agreement goals, including insufficient action to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and to prepare for the devastating impacts of climate change, as well as lack of finance to deliver climate action at the pace and scale required by the urgency of the climate crisis.

In addition to diagnosing the problems, the report is due to set out key findings for further action to address these gaps and accelerate action on climate change. Its technical recommendations will offer critical insights into what governments can do to close the gaps to meeting the Paris Agreement in the coming years. 

Messages from the GST Synthesis Report will be the basis for discussions among governments at the UN COP28 climate summit in Dubai this December. At COP28, governments will have to agree a global response to the report, taking into account its key findings and recommendations for further action.  

E3G has published an infographic outlining 10 key measures that COP28 could see agreement in response to the Global Stocktake.  

Some governments have already signalled this agreement at COP28 should include measures to accelerate the phase out of fossil fuels. The UAE has called for this plan to include agreement globally to triple renewable energy by 2030.  

Negotiations between now and COP28 will make progress towards reaching a final agreement. Consultations led by the climate ministers of Denmark and South Africa are already underway. On 21 September in New York, the UAE is hosting a ministerial on the Global Stocktake, ahead of a workshop in Abu Dhabi on 12-14 October where climate negotiators will begin formal discussions at the UNFCCC. 


Tom Evans, Policy Advisor on Climate Diplomacy and Geopolitics at E3G, said: 

“The Global Stocktake report is a call for radical and immediate action to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. We are not moving fast enough to build a clean and sustainable future that is prepared to withstand the devastating impacts of climate change.  

Agreeing on a global rapid response plan at COP28 can turn the tide on climate action. Countries should make new global commitments to scale up renewable energy while phasing out fossil fuels, to transform the financial system so there’s enough money to properly fund climate action, and to significantly step up support to countries bearing the brunt of climate disasters. 

Striking a deal on this package of measures in Dubai will make the Global Stocktake a springboard for accelerated action in the coming years. This is crucial if the next round of climate targets, which all countries must submit to the UN in 2025, is to finally close the gap between where we’re headed and where we need to be to limit warming to 1.5°C.” 

For further comment on climate diplomacy & geopolitics, the Global Stocktake, and the road to COP28, contact Tom Evans directly: +44 (0) 7931 317 327 /

Notes to Editors 

  1. E3G is an independent climate change think tank with a global outlook. We work on the frontier of the climate landscape, tackling the barriers and advancing the solutions to a safe climate. Our goal is to translate climate politics, economics, and policies into action. About – E3G 
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