Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
This page is part of the E3G Public Bank Climate Tracker Matrix, our tool to help you assess the Paris alignment of public banks, MDBs and DFIs.
|Promotion of green finance||Some progress – AIIB is gradually doing more and more promotion of green finance among market participants and institutions.|
|Fossil to non-fossil energy finance ratio and scaling up climate finance||Unaligned – The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has funded more fossil fuels than renewables between 2016-2019. For every $1 the AIIB provided to fossil fuels, $0.7 went to renewables and $0.3 went to energy networks (transmission and distribution).|
|Nature based solutions||Unaligned – Limited or weak commitments on nature based solutions and biodiversity.|
|Climate risk, resilience, and adaptation||Some progress – Risk management approach does not include assessing climate risk at project level. The AIIB uses ThinkHazard! Tool to enhance client climate resilience.|
|Overarching climate strategy||Unaligned – AIIB does not have a standalone climate strategy. The Corporate Strategy briefly mentions climate change. The AIIB has announced that it will fully align with the Paris agreement by July 2023.|
|Integration of climate mitigation and resilience in key sectoral strategies||Unaligned – AIIB’s sectoral strategies provide sporadic insights into the integration of climate change into various sectors. However, despite the strategies being among the most recent amongst all MDBs, Paris alignment is not mentioned. There is no strategic approach to mainstream climate into AIIB’s sectoral lending. |
|Institutional leadership||Some progress – The Bank has the potential to introduce transformational practices amongst the MDBs, but there has not yet been enough time to judge the effect of their efforts.|
|Energy access and fuel poverty||Unaligned – AIIB has included energy access within its wider energy strategy, but has not set a Bank-specific target and progress monitoring does not account for clean or modern energy.|
|Energy efficiency strategy, standards and investment||Some progress – The importance of energy efficiency is recognised but this needs operationalising.|
|Fossil fuel exclusion policies||Unaligned – No formal coal exclusion policy. Lacks downstream oil and gas policies. Upstream oil and gas permitted.|
|Greenhouse gas accounting and reduction||Unaligned – Portfolio-level monitoring of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for energy sector only. No project-level reporting yet (although some projects in pipeline) and no targets.|
|Shadow carbon pricing||Some progress – The AIIB has started to apply internal carbon pricing systematically to energy projects only since July 2020.|
|Country level work|| Not applicable – AIIB does not have country-level strategies. |
|Technical assistance for implementing Paris goals||Not applicable – AIIB does not provide technical assistance, but recognition of role in energy sector.|
|Transparency of climate finance data||Some progress – Transparency of financial intermediary lending needs improving.|
- AIIB should create a standalone climate change strategy, fully linked to its Corporate Strategy.
- AIIB should look to implement further climate risk management systems across its portfolio and establish a project-level climate risk process.
- AIIB should actively seek to translate its management’s position on fossil fuels and specifically coal into its official lending policy.
- AIIB should consider setting up technical assistance programmes, including climate-related technical assistance to address upstream barriers in client countries.
The AIIB leadership has gone to great lengths to make clear that it has no coal in its pipeline and has no intention to finance any coal projects. This shows leadership within Asian financial institutions, and other development banks should follow suit. The President of the AIIB, Jin Liqun, has stated that “there are no coal projects in our pipeline, and we will not consider any proposals if we are concerned about their environmental and reputational impact“. AIIB Vice-Presidents Joachim von Amsberg and Thierry de Longuemar have both also stated that the Bank will not fund coal. AIIB has also shown leadership on climate bonds and on raising awareness of environmental, social and governance issues in the Asia region.