|Unaligned||Few energy efficiency standards appear to exist across sectors.|
|Overarching energy efficiency first strategy/principle|
|There does not appear to be an overarching energy efficiency strategy/principle.|
|Transport energy efficiency||Building energy efficiency||Financial intermediary energy efficiency|
|Within cities, JICA promotes a ‘compact city model’. There does not appear to be an overarching strategy for transport.||The bank does not have guidelines for energy efficiency standards, appears to use recipient country standards.||The bank does not appear have guidelines for energy efficiency standards, appears to use recipient country standards.|
JICA does not have policies or guidelines on energy efficiency standards and usually follows the recipient country requirements, which are in many cases much lower than international standards. Energy efficiency is included as one of three priorities for the energy sector but is unclear what this means in practice
JICA does have a large focus on energy efficiency Technical Assistance however. The energy policy states that “JICA will focus on formulating energy conservation master plans, and establishing such frameworks as an energy management system, energy conservation labelling system, and energy conservation support system. It also promotes financial support to disseminate technologies for energy conservation.”
Within cities JICA promotes ‘a compact city model’ which aims to prioritise public transportation, shorten travel times and concentrating urban functions together. Therefore this focuses on avoiding the need for transport and shifting to lower carbon alternatives within cities. Examples of this include JICAs work in India, which has provide extensive support for metro networks in cities. JICA does not appear to have an overarching transport policy which details its approach outside of cities.
JICA does not appear to have set guidelines for energy efficiency standards in buildings, E3G understands that client country standards are often used.
JICA does not appear to have set guidelines for the use of energy efficiency standards in financial intermediaries sub-projects.